Examining Teaching Reading Using Local Culture-Based Pictorial Narrative Texts: A Case Study to Secondary School Students

Iwan Fauzi, Natalina Asi, Tampung N. Saman, Elanneri Karani, Maria Arina Luardini, Mary Novary Ngabut


The local culture integration in foreign language (FL) reading classroom can help learners understanding text more easily and quickly. This research took 37 secondary school students in the junior level (11 males & 26 females) as the sample. The quantitative research method was used with a case-study research design. There were three research objectives focused in this study: (1) the influence of local culture-based pictorial narrative texts on students' reading comprehension; (2) the correlation between students' perceptions of integrating local culture into the development of reading materials and students' reading comprehension; and (3) the difference of problems faced by students in understanding pictorial narrative texts in terms of purpose of the story, characters in the story, orientation, complications, and resolution of the story. The results showed that local culture-based pictorial narratives had a significant effect on students' reading comprehension, and were positively correlated to each other. In addition, students do not have discrepancy in terms of problems encountered when understanding the narratives such as the purpose of the story, characters in the story, orientation, complication, and resolution of the story.


local culture; narrative text; picture series; teaching reading

Full Text:



Ahmadi, H., & Shah, S. R. (2014). EFL textbooks: Exploring the suitability of textbook contents from EFL teachers' perspective. VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences, 5(1), 12-20.

Alwasilah, A.C. (2006). From local to global: Reinventing local literature through English writing classes. TEFLIN Journal, 17(1), 11-27.

Asmaa, M., Noor, N.M., & Amir, Z. (2015). The effect of data driven learning on receptive vocabulary knowledge of Yemeni university learners. 3L The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 21(3), 13-24.

Azizah, N., Inderawati, R., & Vianty, M. (2021). Developing the descriptive reading materials in EFL classes by utilizing the local culture. Studies in English Language and Education, 8(2). http://e-repository.unsyiah.ac.id/SiELE/ article/view/18562

Chawang, N. (2008). Investigation of English Reading Problems. Nakhonratchasima: Srinakharinwirot University press.

Dharma, A. (2008). Indonesia basic education curriculum current content and reform. Retrieved from http://www.ibe.unesco.org/curricula/indonesia/io_befw_2008_ eng.pdf

Fauzi, I. (2018). The Effectiveness of Skimming and Scanning Strategies in Improving Comprehension and Reading Speed Rates for the Students of English Study Program. Register Journal, 11(1). 75-90. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/rgt.v11i1.75-90

Asi, N., & Fauzi, I. (2023). Pengembangan E-book Bergambar Cerita Rakyat Berbahasa Inggris untuk Mendukung Pembelajaran Teks Naratif Berbasis Kearifan Lokal. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa 12(1), 61-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31571/bahasa.v12i1.5487

Garcia, O. (2011). Bilingual education in the 21st century: A global perspective. John Wiley & Sons.

Harmer, J. (2003). The Practice of English Language Teaching, 3rd Edition. London: Longman.

Inderawati, R., Susanti, S., Nurhayati., & Sitinjak, M.D., (2022). Developing Instructional Reading Materials with Local Culture-Based Narrative Texts for the Tenth Grade Students. English Review: Journal of English Education. 10(2), 749-760. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v10i2.6431.

Kotaman, H., & Balci, A. (2017). Impact of storybook type on kindergarteners’ storybook comprehension. Early Child Development and Care, 187(11), 1771-1781.

Kramsch, C. A. (1998). Language and Culture. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.

Krashen, S. D. (1987). Principles and practice in second language acquisition (pp. 1982-1982). New York. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.

Malu, K. F. (2013). Exploring children's picture storybooks with adult and adolescent EFL learners. English Teaching Forum, 51(3), 10-18.

Murcia, C. (2001). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. Washington: Heinle and Heinle Thomas Learning Inc.

Nambiar, R.M.K., & Anawar, N.A. (2017). Integrating Local Knowledge Into Language Learning: A Study On The Your Language My Culture (YLMC) Project. Arab World English Journal. 8(4):167-182.

Nambiar, R.M.K., Ibrahim, N., Hashim, R.S., Yasin, R.M., Azman, H., Yusof, N.M., Ramli, R., & Mustaffa, R. (2020). Impact of Local Culture-Based Reading Materials on Students' Skill Development and Confidence in English. Universal Journal of Educational Research 8(2): 445-453. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.080215

Nuttal, C. (1982). Teaching Reading Skill in a Foreign Language. New Edition. Heinemann Educational Book: Oxford University Press.

Phyak, P. B. (2011). Beyond the façade of language planning for Nepalese primary education: Monolingual hangover, elitism and displacement of local languages. Current Issues in Language Planning, 12(2): 265–287. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14664208.2011.584203

Ratminingsih, N.M., Budasi, I.G., & Kurnia, W.D.A. (2020). Local Culture-based Storybook and Its Effect on Reading Competence. International Journal of Instruction, 13(2), 253- 268. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2020.13218a

Ratminingsih, N. M., & Budasi, I. G. (2018). Local culture-based picture storybooks for teaching English for young learners. In SHS Web of Conferences, 42, 00016.

Regmi, M. (2011). The Role of Local Culture and Context in English Language Teaching. Retrieved January 7, 2019, from https://neltachoutari.wordpress.com/2011/04/01/the-r ole-of-local-culture-and-context-inEnglish-language-teaching.

Restanto, M. (2016). The use of picture book in teaching reading for junior high school students. Journal of English and Education, 4(2), 49-62.

Richards, J. C. (2005). Materials Development and Research - Making the Connection. Retrieved from http://www.professorjackrichards.com/wp- content/uploads/ materials-development-making-connection.pdf

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching. Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511667190

Roslina. (2017). The effect of picture story books on students' reading comprehension. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(2), 213-221.

Sidik, A.S. (2019). Improving Reading Comprehension of the Second Grade Students by Using Graphic Organizer. Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama, 6(2), 47-52.

Souhila, R. (2014). The Use of Reading Strategies in Improving Reading Comprehension: the case of first year LMD English students. Unpublished Master Thesis. Department of Foreign Languages. University Kasdi Merbah Ouargla.

Suardana, I. N., Redhana, I. W., Sudiatmika, A. A. I. A. R., & Selamat, I. N. (2018). Students’ critical thinking skills in chemistry learning using local culture-based 7E learning cycle model. International Journal of Instruction, 11(2), 399-412.

Sun, Li. (2013). Culture Teaching in Foreign Language Teaching. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 3(2), 371-375.

Tarigan, Y.S., Ambarita, B., & Solin, M. (2019). The Development of Reading Materials in School Literacy Movements for Senior High School Students Based on Local Culture of Karo. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 2(3), 269-288.

Wang, H., & Mansouri, B. (2017). Revisiting Code-Switching Practice in TESOL: A Critical Perspective. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 26(6), 407-415

Xu, K. (2016). The strategies of fostering students’ cross cultural awareness in secondary school English teaching. Open Journal of Social Sciences 4, 161-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jss.2016.46018

Woolley, G. (2011). Reading comprehension: Assisting children with learning difficulties. New York, NY: Springer.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30734/jpe.v11i1.3987


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
JURNAL PENDIDIKAN EDUTAMA(JPE) by http://ejurnal.ikippgribojonegoro.ac.id/index.php/JPE/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats